Mothers’ and Fathers’ Work Hours, Child Gender, and Behaviour in Middle Childhood
- Investigated the association between typical parental hours and children’s behaviours in two-parent heterosexual families
- 5,093 child-year observations of two-parent heterosexual families at ages 5,8,10
- Found that when parents, particularly fathers’ work long hours, children – especially boys – are at an increased risk for social/emotional problems, overweight and obesity, and poor school performance.
- Found that when compared to those whose fathers worked fewer hours per week, children whose fathers worked 55 hours or more per week had significantly higher levels of externalizing behaviour.
Maternal and paternal mental health problems and the risk of offspring depression in late adolescence: findings from the Raine study
- Investigated the association between maternal and parental mental health problems in young offspring (age 17).
- Using data from participants who were born into the Raine Study (gen2 participants) and their parents (gen1 participants).
- Findings suggested there is an increased risk of depressive symptoms in the adolescent offspring of parents with mental health problems, specifically paternal mental health problems and maternal anxiety, depression, comorbid anxiety and depressive symptoms
Associations of maternal and paternal mental health problems with offspring anxiety at age 20 years: Findings from a population-based prospective cohort study
- Investigated the mental health problems in parents (Gen 1) and anxiety symptoms in their young adult offspring (Gen 2) aged 20.
- Found an increased risk of anxiety in young adult offspring exposed to maternal anxiety symptoms during late childhood.
- Found that paternal mental health problems were associated with an increased risk of anxiety in young adult offspring.